which of the following BEST summarizes the Euthyphro dilemma that Socrates raises for divine command theory? either actions are morally right because God wills them to be so, or God commands actions because they are right, and both options lead to problems for divine command theory.
What is the euthyphro dilemma for divine command theory?
The first horn of the dilemma posed by Socrates to Euthyphro is that if an act is morally right because God commands it, then morality becomes arbitrary. Given this, we could be morally obligated to inflict cruelty upon others. … On the Modified Divine Command Theory, the moral law is a feature of God’s nature.
What is the euthyphro dilemma as articulated by Socrates?
Socrates and Euthyphro discuss the nature of piety in Plato’s Euthyphro. … Socrates points out that if both options were true, they together would yield a vicious circle, with the gods loving the pious because it is the pious, and the pious being the pious because the gods love it.
What is the euthyphro dilemma as articulated by Socrates quizlet?
The first horn of the dilemma posed by Socrates to Euthyphro is that if an act is morally right because God commands it, then morality becomes arbitrary. … One possible response to the Euthyphro Dilemma is to simply accept that if God does command cruelty, then inflicting it upon others would be morally obligatory.
What is the euthyphro dilemma quizlet?
Euthyphro dilemma suggests that the relationship between morality & religion might not be clear cut. What does the Euthyphro dilemma imply about the relationship between God & morality. It implies that God is not omnipotent (having unlimited power), that he would be subservient to a moral law that he doesn’t control.
What are problems of divine command theory?
grounding of morality. Thus, divine command theory gives us reason to worry that God’s commands are arbitrary as universal moral standards of action. They may or may not be benevolent, loving, or have any other property we consider morally praiseworthy, and they may in fact be cruel and harsh.
What is the main point of euthyphro?
Euthyphro suggests that what is holy is what is agreeable to the gods, in response to which Socrates points out that the gods often quarrel, so what is agreeable to one might not be agreeable to all.
What is Socrates argument in euthyphro?
Socrates’ Objection: According to Euthyphro, the gods sometimes disagree among themselves about questions of justice. So some things are loved by some gods and hated by others. On this definition, these things will be both pious and impious, which makes no sense. 3rd Definition: Piety is what is loved by all the gods.
Who did Socrates worship?
He did not believe in the Athenian gods, but apparently believed monotheistically in one god. See here for more. Socrates was certainly polytheistic. One of the charges brought against him was that of trying to introduce foreign deities (this is a plural noun) to Athens.
Does God love pious?
answer: To be pious is to be loved by all the gods. … Socrates and Euthyphro agree that they must be loved by the gods because they are pious. But, says Socrates, in that case, being pious cannot be the same thing as being god-beloved. Because something that is god-beloved is so because it is loved by the gods.
What are the two horns of euthyphro dilemma?
Here are the horns of the Euthyphro dilemma: – First horn : claim that rightness is grounded in facts independent of God’s dictates. – Second horn : claim that rightness is grounded in God’s dictates.
What is the problem with euthyphro dilemma?
Euthyphro’s Dilemma is a philosophical problem concerned with a view of morality related to God. The Euthyphro Dilemma asks: do the gods love good action because it is good, or is good action good because it is loved by the gods? The problem comes from Plato’s Euthyphro, and is asked by Socrates to Euthyphro.
Why is the euthyphro dilemma important?
The Euthyphro Dilemma is a philosophical problem concenred with a view of morality related to theism. … Euthyphro’s dilemma challenges this position by questioning whether this means that what is morally correct is merely an arbitrary choice by God, or whether or not these things have greater, eternal truth.
What is the divine command theory quizlet?
Divine Command Theory. something is morally right for an individual simply because God commands it. There are not independent criteria for judging the morality of an action. Something is holy or moral becase God loves it.
How does the euthyphro question challenge divine command theory?
The Euthyphro Argument comes from Plato’s dialogue in which Sokrates asks: Is something is right because God commands it, or does God command it because it is right? The ethical implications of this argument suggest that the relationship between morality and religion might not be as clear-cut as previously thought.
What kinds of moral contradictions or inconsistencies confront religious believers?
What kinds of moral contradictions or inconsistencies confront religious believers? Religious moral codes and other major religious rules of conduct are too vague to omit interpretation, which depends on ethics.