In theology, the doctrine of divine simplicity says that God is without parts. The general idea can be stated in this way: The being of God is identical to the “attributes” of God.
What is the meaning of divine in its simplicity?
Divine simplicity is central to the classical Western concept of God. Simplicity denies any physical or metaphysical composition in the divine being. This means God is the divine nature itself and has no accidents (properties that are not necessary) accruing to his nature.
Why is divine simplicity important?
The simplicity doctrine in its traditional and strongest form assays this ‘tightness’ as identity. The divine simplicity thus grounds the divine necessity. God is necessary because he is simple. It is easy to see that the divine simplicity also grounds God’s possession of essential properties.
Why is divine simplicity wrong?
1) God cannot have any spatial or temporal parts. 2) God cannot have any intrinsic accidental properties. 3) There cannot be any real distinction between one essential property and another in God’s nature. 4) There cannot be a real distinction between essence and existence in God.
Can we know the divine directly?
Because we cannot directly observe the divine with our sense perception (sight, hearing, smell, touch, or taste) or reason it with faultless logic, it is subject to interpretation. It makes sense then that the divine has so many forms and many paths to it.
Is divine simplicity true?
In Western Christian classical theism, God is simple, not composite, not made up of thing upon thing. Thomas Morris notes that divine simplicity can mean any or all of three different claims: God has no spatial parts (spatial simplicity). God has no temporal parts (temporal simplicity).
What does the Bible say about simplicity?
Proverbs 15:16, NIV
Here we are reminded of what holds value in this bible verse about simplicity. If you have little, but you fear the Lord, you have everything! Wealth without God is worthless. Seek the Kingdom of God above all else, and live righteously, and he will give you everything you need.
What is divine immutability?
The doctrine of divine immutability (DDI) asserts that God cannot undergo real or intrinsic change in any respect.
Does God have properties?
In Western (Christian) thought, God is traditionally described as a being that possesses at least three necessary properties: omniscience (all-knowing), omnipotence (all-powerful), and omnibenevolence (supremely good). In other words, God knows everything, has the power to do anything, and is perfectly good.
What are the divine attributes?
The Divine Attributes explores the traditional theistic concept of God as the most perfect being possible, discussing the main divine attributes which flow from this understanding – personhood, transcendence, immanence, omnipresence, omniscience, omnipotence, perfect goodness, unity, simplicity and necessity.
Does God have a nature philosophy?
It follows, according to Aquinas and others, that God is identical with his nature and with each of his perfecting attributes. … They presuppose that God has a nature, that he is sovereign, and that there are necessary truths over which he has no control.
Is God a substance Aquinas?
In complex substances (i.e. hylomorphic composites), beings with a particular essence are individuated by their matter. … Therefore God, being a separate substance, is his own essence. In Part 4 of On Being and Essence, Aquinas makes the argument that God is his existence.
What is traditional theism?
Traditional Theism contends that God is primarily the creator and that God is the source of existence for all realities beyond himself, including the realm of abstract objects. A primary obstacle between these two perspectives centers upon the origin, nature and existence of abstract objects.
What are the 5 arguments for the existence of God?
To account for all existence, there must be a Necessary Being, God. … Thus Aquinas’ five ways defined God as the Unmoved Mover, the First Cause, the Necessary Being, the Absolute Being and the Grand Designer. It should be noted that Aquinas’ arguments are based on some aspects of the sensible world.
Is man capable of knowing God?
The chapter concludes (§35): Man’s faculties make him capable of coming to a knowledge of the existence of a personal God. But for man to be able to enter into real intimacy with him, God willed both to reveal himself to man, and to give him the grace of being able to welcome this revelation in faith.
What religion is the divine?
Christianity. In traditional Christian theology, divinity is the state or quality of being divine, and can denote Godly nature or character. In Hebrew, the terms would usually be “el”, “elohim”, and in Greek usually “theos”, or “theias”. The divinity in the Bible is considered the Godhead itself, or God in general.