Salem witch trials, (June 1692–May 1693), in American history, a series of investigations and persecutions that caused 19 convicted “witches” to be hanged and many other suspects to be imprisoned in Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony (now Danvers, Massachusetts).
When and where did the witch trials take place?
The Salem witch trials occurred in colonial Massachusetts between 1692 and 1693. More than 200 people were accused of practicing witchcraft—the Devil’s magic—and 20 were executed. Eventually, the colony admitted the trials were a mistake and compensated the families of those convicted.
Where was the first witch trial?
Witchcraft in Salem
On March 1, 1692, Salem, Massachusetts authorities interrogated Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne, and an Indian slave, Tituba, to determine if they indeed practiced witchcraft. So began the infamous Salem Witch Trials of 1692 .
Where were other locations that witch trials were popular?
Witch-hunts were seen across early modern Europe, but the most significant area of witch-hunting in modern Europe is often considered to be central and southern Germany. Germany was a late starter in terms of the numbers of trials, compared to other regions of Europe.
Where did the witch trials take place in Europe?
1. Valais: France/Switzerland, 1428–1447. Often considered to be the first in Europe, the Valais trials began in the French-speaking southern region of Valais and spread to German-speaking Wallis. The trials claimed at least 367 victims (the actual toll may be higher), with just as many men as women killed.
Who all died in the Salem witch trials?
According to the city, the memorial opened on the 325th anniversary of the first of three mass executions at the site, when five women were killed: Sarah Good, Elizabeth Howe, Susannah Martin, Rebecca Nurse and Sarah Wildes.
What was the real reason for the Salem witch trials?
The Salem witch trials and executions came about as the result of a combination of church politics, family feuds, and hysterical children, all of which unfolded in a vacuum of political authority.
Who is the youngest witch?
She was sent to jail, becoming at age five the youngest person to be jailed during the Salem witch trials.
|Other names||Dorcas Good|
|Known for||Youngest accused of witchcraft in the Salem witch trials|
|Parent(s)||William Good (father) Sarah Good (mother)|
|Relatives||Mercy Good (1692–1692; sister)|
How big was Salem during the witch trials?
The population of Salem Town and Village at the time of the witch trials cannot be stated with precision, but a reasonable estimate for the population of the combined area was about 2000 residents, with the population of Salem Village numbering between 500 and 600 residents.
Who first started the Salem witch trials?
The first to be tried was Bridget Bishop of Salem, who was accused of witchcraft by more individuals than any other defendant. Bishop, known around town for her dubious moral character, frequented taverns, dressed flamboyantly (by Puritan standards), and was married three times.
Did France have witch trials?
About 800 witch trials took place in these areas with numerous executions in the period of 1603-1614 and 1627-1632, and again in France-Comté with 100 executions in 1658-1661.
Which part of Europe was most affected by the witch craze?
Witch trials were also greater and more frequent in Germany and Switzerland, where religious contests were most heated. More than 40% of Europeans executed for witchcraft were in Germany, according to the new dataset.
When was the last witch trial in the world?
The Salem witchcraft trial of 1878, also known as the Ipswich witchcraft trial and the second Salem witch trial, was an American civil case held in May 1878 in Salem, Massachusetts, in which Lucretia L. S.
What were the biggest witch trials?
In the spirit of Halloween, The Foreign and International Law Collection invites you to view its annual “witch trial exhibit”: The Largest Witch Hunt in World History: the Basque Witch Trials (1609-1614), often referred to as the trials of the witches of Zugarramurdi, a locale in Navarre near the French southwest …
What ended the witch hunts in Europe?
The English Act of Parliament in 1736 abolished witch-hunts, and Poland did so as well in 1776. In France, Louis XIV decreed a legislative royal edict in 1682 of similar nature (27). The adjustments made in judiciary institutions contributed to bring the witch-hunts to a close.
When was the last witch burned in Europe?
The last trial in Poland of a woman accused of witchcraft and executed by burning was not in Doruchow in Wielkopolski Province in 1776 – as commonly accepted – but 34 years later in August 1811. This happened in the city of Reszel in Warmia Province. The last victim to be burnt at the stake was Barbara Zdunk.